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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017 Oct;67(10):3982-3986. doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.002234. Epub 2017 Sep 12.

Petrothermobacter organivorans gen. nov., sp. nov., a thermophilic, strictly anaerobic bacterium of the phylum Deferribacteres isolated from a deep subsurface oil reservoir.

Author information

1
1​Bioproduction Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1, Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
2
2​Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1, Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
3
3​INPEX CORPORATION, 5-3-1, Akasaka, Minato, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

A novel thermophilic, anaerobic, chemoheterotrophic, acetate-oxidizing and iron(III)-, manganese(IV)-, nitrate- and sulfate-reducing bacterium, designated strain ANAT, was isolated from a deep subsurface oil field in Japan (Yabase oil field, Akita Pref.). Cells of strain ANAT were Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, non-spore forming and slightly curved or twisted rods (1.5-5.0 µm long and 0.6-0.7 µm wide). The isolate grew at 25-60 °C (optimum 55 °C) and pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum pH 7.0). The isolate was capable of reducing iron(III), manganese(IV), nitrate and sulfate as an electron acceptor. The isolate utilized a limited range of electron donors such as acetate, lactate, pyruvate and yeast extract for iron reduction. Strain ANAT also used pyruvate, fumarate, succinate, malate, yeast extract and peptone for fermentative growth. The major respiratory quinones were menaquinone-7(H8) and menaquinone-8. The strain contained C18 : 0, iso-C18 : 0 and C16 : 0 as the major cellular fatty acids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 34.3 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain ANAT was closely related to Calditerrivibrio nitroreducens in the phylum Deferribacteres with low sequence similarities (89.5 %), and formed a distinct clade within the family Deferribacteraceae. In addition, the isolate is the first sulfate-reducing member of the phylum Deferribacteres. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties, a novel genus and species, Petrothermobacter organivorans gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed for the isolate (type strain=ANAT= NBRC 112621T=DSM 105015T).

KEYWORDS:

Deferribacteres; Fe(III)-, Mn(IV)-, nitrate- and sulfate-reducing bacterium; acetate-oxidizing bacterium; anaerobic; deep subsurface oil reservoir; thermophilic

PMID:
28893364
DOI:
10.1099/ijsem.0.002234
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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