Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2017 Sep 11;14(1):122. doi: 10.1186/s12966-017-0572-1.

Food parenting practices for 5 to 12 year old children: a concept map analysis of parenting and nutrition experts input.

Author information

1
USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates St, Houston, TX, USA. teresiao@bcm.edu.
2
BC Children's Hospital Research Institute, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
3
Child & Family Research Institute, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
4
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
5
USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates St, Houston, TX, USA.
6
School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
7
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minnesota, MN, USA.
8
Family Resilience Center, Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA.
9
Sansom Institute for Health Research (PHRC), School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia.
10
Department of Nutritional Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.
11
NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
12
Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.
13
School of Psychology, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia.
14
Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Parents are an important influence on children's dietary intake and eating behaviors. However, the lack of a conceptual framework and inconsistent assessment of food parenting practices limits our understanding of which food parenting practices are most influential on children. The aim of this study was to develop a food parenting practice conceptual framework using systematic approaches of literature reviews and expert input.

METHOD:

A previously completed systematic review of food parenting practice instruments and a qualitative study of parents informed the development of a food parenting practice item bank consisting of 3632 food parenting practice items. The original item bank was further reduced to 110 key food parenting concepts using binning and winnowing techniques. A panel of 32 experts in parenting and nutrition were invited to sort the food parenting practice concepts into categories that reflected their perceptions of a food parenting practice conceptual framework. Multi-dimensional scaling produced a point map of the sorted concepts and hierarchical cluster analysis identified potential solutions. Subjective modifications were used to identify two potential solutions, with additional feedback from the expert panel requested.

RESULTS:

The experts came from 8 countries and 25 participated in the sorting and 23 provided additional feedback. A parsimonious and a comprehensive concept map were developed based on the clustering of the food parenting practice constructs. The parsimonious concept map contained 7 constructs, while the comprehensive concept map contained 17 constructs and was informed by a previously published content map for food parenting practices. Most of the experts (52%) preferred the comprehensive concept map, while 35% preferred to present both solutions.

CONCLUSION:

The comprehensive food parenting practice conceptual map will provide the basis for developing a calibrated Item Response Modeling (IRM) item bank that can be used with computerized adaptive testing. Such an item bank will allow for more consistency in measuring food parenting practices across studies to better assess the impact of food parenting practices on child outcomes and the effect of interventions that target parents as agents of change.

KEYWORDS:

Child; Concept mapping; Family; Food; Measurement; Nutrition; Parenting; Parenting practices

PMID:
28893273
PMCID:
PMC5594481
DOI:
10.1186/s12966-017-0572-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center