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Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2019;59(3):411-422. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2017.1375892. Epub 2017 Sep 29.

Innovative processes and technologies for modified atmosphere packaging of fresh and fresh-cut fruits and vegetables.

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a ARC Training Centre for Innovative Horticultural Products, Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture , University of Tasmania , Launceston , Australia.
b Centre for Food Innovation , University of Tasmania , Launceston , Australia.
c Food Safety Centre, School of Land and Food , University of Tasmania , Hobart , Australia.


Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) technology has been commercially viable since the 1970s. Currently, MAP is extensively used worldwide to preserve the quality and extend the shelf-life of whole fresh fruits and vegetables, but is also increasingly used to extend the shelf-life of minimally processed fresh fruit and vegetables. This review discusses new processes and technologies that can be used to improve quality preservation and consumer acceptability of minimally processed produce where high respiration rates and challenging degradation processes operate. New packaging innovations are enabling producers and retailers to further maintain quality for longer. Innovative approaches to extend shelf-life include active MAP with differentially permeable films, films that incorporate antimicrobial properties, edible coatings that confer barriers properties, and the use of non-traditional gases to modify respiration. Intelligent packaging using integrated sensor technologies that can indicate maturity, ripeness, respiration rate and spoilage are also appearing. This review demonstrates that preservation technologies and associated packaging developments that can be combined with modified atmosphere are constantly evolving technology platforms. Adoption of combinations of technology improvements will be critical in responding to commercial trends towards more minimally processed fresh-cut and ready-to-eat fruit and vegetable products, which require specialized packaging solutions.


Active packaging; Fruit; Intelligent packaging; MAP; Packaging; Vegetables

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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