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Cancer Res. 2017 Nov 1;77(21):5721-5727. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-16-2691. Epub 2017 Sep 7.

Discovery of Human-Similar Gene Fusions in Canine Cancers.

Author information

1
Univ. Rennes 1, CNRS, Institut de Geéneétique et de Deéveloppement de Rennes (IGDR), UMR6290, Rennes, France.
2
BIOTRIAL Pharmacology, Unité de Pharmacologie Preéclinique, Rennes, France.
3
UMS 3480 CNRS/US018 INSERM Biosit, Laboratoire Commun Oncotrial, Rennes, France.
4
ONIRIS, AMaROC, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire, Agroalimentaire et de l'Alimentation Nantes Atlantique, Nantes, France.
5
Institut Bergonié, Bordeaux, France.
6
Département de Pathologie Cellulaire et Tissulaire, CHU, Angers, France.
7
APHP, Hopital Saint-Louis, Hemato-oncologie; Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.
8
Laboratoire de Cytogénétique et Biologie Cellulaire, CHU de Rennes, INSERM, INRA, Univ. Rennes 1, Nutrition Metabolisms and Cancer, Rennes, France.
9
GIGA-Genomics, Université de Liège, CHU, 1 Avenue de l'Hopital, Liège, BELGIQUE.
10
ER OSS440 INSERM, Rennes, France.
11
Univ. Rennes 1, CNRS, Institut de Geéneétique et de Deéveloppement de Rennes (IGDR), UMR6290, Rennes, France. benoit.hedan@univ-rennes1.fr catherine.andre@univ-rennes1.fr.

Abstract

Canine cancers represent a tremendous natural resource due to their incidence and striking similarities to human cancers, sharing similar clinical and pathologic features as well as oncogenic events, including identical somatic mutations. Considering the importance of gene fusions as driver alterations, we explored their relevance in canine cancers. We focused on three distinct human-comparable canine cancers representing different tissues and embryonic origins. Through RNA-Seq, we discovered similar gene fusions as those found in their human counterparts: IGK-CCND3 in B-cell lymphoma, MPB-BRAF in glioma, and COL3A1-PDGFB in dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans-like. We showed not only similar partner genes but also identical breakpoints leading to oncogene overexpression. This study demonstrates similar gene fusion partners and mechanisms in human-dog corresponding tumors and allows for selection of targeted therapies in preclinical and clinical trials with pet dogs prior to human trials, within the framework of personalized medicine. Cancer Res; 77(21); 5721-7. ©2017 AACR.

PMID:
28883003
DOI:
10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-16-2691
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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