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Biomed Pharmacother. 2017 Nov;95:605-613. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2017.08.098. Epub 2017 Sep 4.

A practical guide for induction of type-2 diabetes in rat: Incorporating a high-fat diet and streptozotocin.

Author information

1
Endocrine Physiology Research Center, Research institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Neurophysiology Research Center and Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2
Department of Molecular, Cellular and Biomedical Sciences, Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education, City University of New York School of Medicine, New York, USA.
3
Endocrine Physiology Research Center, Research institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: Ghasemi@endocrine.ac.ir.

Abstract

Prevalence of diabetes, a serious public health problem is rapidly increasing worldwide. Type-2 diabetes is the common form of diabetes characterized by insulin resistance and abnormalities in insulin production. Despite the current development of therapeutic agents, there is no effective treatment without side effects; it is therefore necessary to find new prevention strategies and better treatments. For this purpose animal models of diabetes are appropriate tools, of which rodents due to the short generation time and economic considerations are the first choice. The aim of this review is to present features of a frequently used model of type-2 diabetes in rat, induced by a high fat diet and streptozotocin, taking into account its advantages/disadvantages and presenting a practical guide.

KEYWORDS:

Animal model; High fat diet; Metabolism; Streptozotocin; Type-2 diabetes

PMID:
28881291
DOI:
10.1016/j.biopha.2017.08.098
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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