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Cogn Psychol. 2017 Nov;98:73-101. doi: 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2017.08.003. Epub 2017 Sep 4.

Accent modulates access to word meaning: Evidence for a speaker-model account of spoken word recognition.

Author information

1
University College London, United Kingdom; University of East Anglia, United Kingdom. Electronic address: zhenguangcai@gmail.com.
2
University College London, United Kingdom; MRC Cognition & Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
3
MRC Cognition & Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
4
University of York, United Kingdom.
5
University College London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Speech carries accent information relevant to determining the speaker's linguistic and social background. A series of web-based experiments demonstrate that accent cues can modulate access to word meaning. In Experiments 1-3, British participants were more likely to retrieve the American dominant meaning (e.g., hat meaning of "bonnet") in a word association task if they heard the words in an American than a British accent. In addition, results from a speeded semantic decision task (Experiment 4) and sentence comprehension task (Experiment 5) confirm that accent modulates on-line meaning retrieval such that comprehension of ambiguous words is easier when the relevant word meaning is dominant in the speaker's dialect. Critically, neutral-accent speech items, created by morphing British- and American-accented recordings, were interpreted in a similar way to accented words when embedded in a context of accented words (Experiment 2). This finding indicates that listeners do not use accent to guide meaning retrieval on a word-by-word basis; instead they use accent information to determine the dialectic identity of a speaker and then use their experience of that dialect to guide meaning access for all words spoken by that person. These results motivate a speaker-model account of spoken word recognition in which comprehenders determine key characteristics of their interlocutor and use this knowledge to guide word meaning access.

KEYWORDS:

Accent; Dialect; Semantic ambiguity; Spoken word recognition

PMID:
28881224
DOI:
10.1016/j.cogpsych.2017.08.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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