Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Public Health Nutr. 2017 Sep 7:1-10. doi: 10.1017/S1368980017002026. [Epub ahead of print]

Effects of the Healthy Start randomized intervention on dietary intake among obesity-prone normal-weight children.

Author information

1
1Research Unit for Dietary Studies at the Parker Institute,Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, the Capital Region,Nordre Fasanvej 57, entrance 5, ground floor,2000 Frederiksberg,Denmark.
2
3Institute of Preventive Medicine,Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, the Capital Region,Frederiksberg,Denmark.
3
4Department of Public Health and Center for Healthy Aging,University of Copenhagen,Copenhagen,Denmark.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The study aimed to evaluate the impact of a 15-month intervention on dietary intake conducted among obesity-prone normal-weight pre-school children.

DESIGN:

Information on dietary intake was obtained using a 4 d diet record. A diet quality index was adapted to assess how well children's diet complied with the Danish national guidelines. Linear regression per protocol and intention-to-treat analyses of differences in intakes of energy, macronutrients, fruit, vegetables, fish, sugar-sweetened beverages and diet quality index between the two groups were conducted.

SETTING:

The Healthy Start study was conducted during 2009-2011, focusing on changing diet, physical activity, sleep and stress management to prevent excessive weight gain among Danish children.

SUBJECTS:

From a population of 635 Danish pre-school children, who had a high birth weight (≥4000 g), high maternal pre-pregnancy BMI (≥28·0 kg/m2) or low maternal educational level (<10 years of schooling), 285 children completed the intervention and had complete information on dietary intake.

RESULTS:

Children in the intervention group had a lower energy intake after the 15-month intervention (group means: 5·29 v. 5·59 MJ, P=0·02) compared with the control group. We observed lower intakes of carbohydrates and added sugar in the intervention group compared with the control group after the intervention (P=0·002, P=0·01).

CONCLUSIONS:

The intervention resulted in a lower energy intake, particularly from carbohydrates and added sugar after 15 months of intervention, suggesting that dietary intake can be changed in a healthier direction in children predisposed to obesity.

KEYWORDS:

Diet quality index; Dietary intake; Intervention; Obesity prevention; Pre-school children

PMID:
28879820
DOI:
10.1017/S1368980017002026
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Cambridge University Press
    Loading ...
    Support Center