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Curr Stem Cell Res Ther. 2017;12(7):535-543. doi: 10.2174/1574888X12666170829161058.

The Basic Mechanism of Hair Growth Stimulation by Adipose-derived Stem Cells and Their Secretory Factors.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1 Pungnap-2 dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul 138-736. Korea.
2
Department of Dermatology, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Hwaseong. Korea.
3
Laboratory for Tissue Engineering and Regeneration, School of Stomatology, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China, 44-1 Wenhua Xi Road, Jinan, Shandong 250012. China.
4
Cutaneous Biology Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, Massachusetts. United States.
5
Asan Institute for Life Sciences, Seoul. Korea.
6
Cellpark Clinic, Seoul. Korea.
7
Department of Dermatology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul. Korea.
8
Department of Dermatology, Seoul National University Hospital, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 110-744. Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) within the stromal vascular fraction of subcutaneous adipose tissue. ADSCs secrete growth factors and other proteins, and have been used to regenerate skin with satisfactory results.

OBJECTIVE:

This review focuses on the effect of ADSCs and their secretory factors on the stimulation of hair growth in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo.

RESULTS:

The conditioned media of ADSCs (ADSC-CM) increases the proliferation rate of human follicular cells. ADSCs-derived proteins improve hair growth and protect human dermal papilla cells against cytotoxic injury caused by androgen and reactive oxygen species. Moreover, ADSC-CM induces the anagen phase and promotes hair growth in mice, and enhances the elongation of hair shafts in ex vivo human hair organ cultures.

CONCLUSION:

ADSC-CM promotes hair growth in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo. Given that ADSCs are one of the most accessible sources of MSCs, ADSC-derived proteins may be feasible clinical therapeutic agents for the treatment of hair loss.

KEYWORDS:

Adipose-derived stem cell; alopecia; conditioned media; female pattern hair loss; hair loss; hair regeneration; male pattern hair loss; mesenchymal stem cell

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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