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World J Mens Health. 2017 Aug;35(2):59-64. doi: 10.5534/wjmh.2017.35.2.59.

Hypertension and Male Fertility.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.
3
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. eisenberg@stanford.edu.

Abstract

As the age of paternity rises in the developed world, issues of chronic disease may affect prospective fathers. Given the high prevalence of hypertension, researchers have begun to explore the relationship between hypertensive disease and male fertility. The current literature suggests an association between hypertension and semen quality. The use of various antihypertensive medications has also been linked to impaired semen parameters, making it difficult to discern whether the association exists with hypertension or its treatment. Further investigation is warranted to determine whether the observed associations are causal.

KEYWORDS:

Adrenergic beta-antagonists; Hypertension; Infertility; Semen analysis

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