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Psychiatry Res. 2017 Dec;258:382-386. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.08.064. Epub 2017 Aug 26.

Prevalence of depression, anxiety, and adjustment disorders in women with spontaneous abortion in Germany - A retrospective cohort study.

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Faculty of Medicine, University of Paris 5, Paris, France.
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg, Germany.
Epidemiology, QuintilesIMS, Frankfurt, Germany. Electronic address:


The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and adjustment disorders in women within the year following miscarriage in Germany. This study included women between the ages of 16 and 45 with a first pregnancy terminated by spontaneous abortion between January 2007 and December 2015 (index date). These women were followed in 262 gynecological practices. Women with a spontaneous abortion were matched (1:1) with pregnant women without spontaneous abortion by age, index year, diagnosis of female infertility prior to the index date, procreative management prior to the index date, and physician. This retrospective cohort study included 12,158 women with a spontaneous abortion and 12,158 pregnant women without a spontaneous abortion. The mean age was 31.6 (SD: 5.5).years. One year after the index date, 8.9% of women with spontaneous abortion and 5.7% of controls were diagnosed with depression, anxiety, or adjustment disorder. Individuals who had previously undergone a spontaneous abortion were more likely to have one of these three psychiatric disorders compared to controls (OR = 1.53). Similar results were found in the age groups 21-30 and 31-40. Spontaneous abortion is associated with an increased prevalence of developing psychiatric diseases within the first year.


Adjustment disorders; Anxiety; Depression; Spontaneous abortion

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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