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Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2018 Jul;79:68-77. doi: 10.1016/j.semcdb.2017.08.051. Epub 2017 Aug 31.

Understanding and engineering plant form.

Author information

1
Carnegie Institution for Science, Department of Plant Biology, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.
2
Stanford University, Department of Biology, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.
3
Carnegie Institution for Science, Department of Plant Biology, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address: jdinneny@carnegiescience.edu.

Abstract

A plant's form is an important determinant of its fitness and economic value. Here, we review strategies for producing plants with altered forms. Historically, the process of changing a plant's form has been slow in agriculture, requiring iterative rounds of growth and selection. We discuss modern techniques for identifying genes involved in the development of plant form and tools that will be needed to effectively design and engineer plants with altered forms. Synthetic genetic circuits are highlighted for their potential to generate novel plant forms. We emphasize understanding development as a prerequisite to engineering and discuss the potential role of computer models in translating knowledge about single genes or pathways into a more comprehensive understanding of development.

PMID:
28864344
DOI:
10.1016/j.semcdb.2017.08.051
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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