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FEBS Lett. 1987 Jul 27;219(2):375-9.

Participation of adenosine 5'-triphosphate in the activation of membrane-bound guanylate cyclase by the atrial natriuretic factor.


The addition of ANF to Percoll-purified liver plasma membranes produced a slight activation of guanylate cyclase; the ANF-stimulated cyclase activity was further increased upon the addition of ATP to the enzyme assay mixture. The effect of ATP to potentiate the cyclase activation was concentration-dependent, required Mg2+ as a divalent cation, and was seen with membranes from various tissues and cells. ATP increased the maximal velocity of the cyclase without a change in the affinity for GTP or ANF. Phosphorylation by ATP might not be involved since ANF-stimulated guanylate cyclase was enhanced by non-phosphorylating ATP analogues as well. Thus, an allosteric ATP binding site is suggested to participate in ANF-induced regulation of membrane-bound guanylate cyclase.

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