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J Autism Dev Disord. 2017 Nov;47(11):3574-3588. doi: 10.1007/s10803-017-3271-5.

Behavioral Phenotype of ASD Preschoolers with Gastrointestinal Symptoms or Food Selectivity.

Author information

1
IRCCS Stella Maris Foundation, Viale del Tirreno 331, 56018, Calambrone, Pisa, Italy.
2
University of Perugia, Piazza G. Ermini, 1, 06123, Perugia, Italy.
3
Stella Maris Mediterraneo Foundation, Chiaromonte, PZ, Italy.
4
IRCCS Stella Maris Foundation, Viale del Tirreno 331, 56018, Calambrone, Pisa, Italy. sara.calderoni@fsm.unipi.it.
5
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy. sara.calderoni@fsm.unipi.it.
6
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Abstract

This study investigated the prevalence and type of gastrointestinal (GI) and food selectivity (FS) symptoms in 163 preschoolers with ASD, and their possible links with core ASD features and emotional/behavioural problems. 40.5% of children with ASD had at least one severe GI symptom or FS. Preschoolers with and without GI symptoms and with and without FS were significantly different on several emotional/behavioural problems and restrictive/repetitive behaviours, whereas they did not differ significantly on performance IQ and autistic severity. The GI plus FS group presented with Sleep Problems, Self-injurious Behaviors and Anxiety Problems. Results indicated the need for early identification of GI disturbances and FS in order to design tailored intervention for these symptoms frequently associated to challenging behaviours in ASD.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety Problems; Child Behavior Checklist 1½–5; Externalizing Problems; Restrictive and repetitive behaviours; Sleep Problems; Young Children

PMID:
28861653
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-017-3271-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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