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Behav Res Ther. 2017 Oct;97:242-251. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2017.08.010. Epub 2017 Aug 31.

Parent-child interactions in children with asthma and anxiety.

Author information

1
School of Psychology, The University of Sydney, NSW, Australia.
2
Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, NSW, Australia.
3
Discipline of Paediatrics, School of Women's and Children's Health, Medicine, University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia; Department of Paediatric Respiratory Medicine, Sydney Children's Hospital, Randwick, NSW, Australia.
4
The Children's Hospital at Westmead Clinical School, Discipline of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia; Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, NSW, Australia.
5
School of Psychology, The University of Sydney, NSW, Australia. Electronic address: caroline.hunt@sydney.edu.au.

Abstract

Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in children with asthma yet very little is known about the parenting factors that may underlie this relationship. The aim of the current study was to examine observed parenting behaviours - involvement and negativity - associated with asthma and anxiety in children using the tangram task and the Five Minute Speech Sample (FMSS). Eighty-nine parent-child dyads were included across four groups of children (8-13 years old): asthma and anxiety, anxiety only, asthma only and healthy controls. Overall, results from both tasks showed that parenting behaviours of children with and without asthma did not differ significantly. Results from a subcomponent of the FMSS indicated that parents of children with asthma were more overprotective, or self-sacrificing, or non-objective than parents of children without asthma, and this difference was greater in the non-anxious groups. The results suggest that some parenting strategies developed for parents of children with anxiety may be useful for parents of children with asthma and anxiety (e.g. strategies targeting involvement), however, others may not be necessary (e.g. those targeting negativity).

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety disorders; Asthma; Children; Parenting

PMID:
28858699
DOI:
10.1016/j.brat.2017.08.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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