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J Forensic Leg Med. 2017 Nov;52:40-45. doi: 10.1016/j.jflm.2017.08.015. Epub 2017 Aug 24.

Ethanol levels in legally autopsied subjects: Analytical approach and epidemiological relevance in a prospective study in the touristic region of the Canary Islands (Spain).

Author information

1
Laboratory of Toxicology, Institute of Legal Medicine, Government of the Canary Islands, Spain; Toxicology Unit, Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences (IUIBS), Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Paseo Blas Cabrera Felipe s/n, 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. Electronic address: maira.almeida@ulpgc.es.
2
Laboratory of Toxicology, Institute of Legal Medicine, Government of the Canary Islands, Spain; Toxicology Unit, Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences (IUIBS), Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Paseo Blas Cabrera Felipe s/n, 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. Electronic address: luis.henriquez@ulpgc.es.
3
Laboratory of Toxicology, Institute of Legal Medicine, Government of the Canary Islands, Spain; Toxicology Unit, Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences (IUIBS), Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Paseo Blas Cabrera Felipe s/n, 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. Electronic address: octavio.perez@ulpgc.es.
4
Laboratory of Toxicology, Institute of Legal Medicine, Government of the Canary Islands, Spain; Toxicology Unit, Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences (IUIBS), Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Paseo Blas Cabrera Felipe s/n, 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. Electronic address: manuel.zumbado@ulpgc.es.
5
Laboratory of Toxicology, Institute of Legal Medicine, Government of the Canary Islands, Spain. Electronic address: eazpharry@yahoo.es.
6
Laboratory of Toxicology, Institute of Legal Medicine, Government of the Canary Islands, Spain. Electronic address: mmeiram@justiciaencanarias.org.
7
Toxicology Unit, Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences (IUIBS), Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Paseo Blas Cabrera Felipe s/n, 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. Electronic address: maria.camacho@ulpgc.es.
8
Laboratory of Toxicology, Institute of Legal Medicine, Government of the Canary Islands, Spain; Toxicology Unit, Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences (IUIBS), Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Paseo Blas Cabrera Felipe s/n, 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. Electronic address: luis.boada@ulpgc.es.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the presence of alcohol in individuals (137) that were subjected to a mandatory medico-legal autopsy in the Institute of Legal Medicine of Las Palmas (Canary Islands, Spain) during 2015. Blood and vitreous humor samples (232) were analyzed by gas chromatography. 46.0% of the individuals were positive for alcohol, being half of them tourists. Blood alcohol concentrations (BAC) was higher in men over 60 years (p = 0.041). 10.2% of the series died in a traffic accident, and victims had the highest proportion of positives to alcohol (64.3%) and the highest BAC (2.56 g/L, p = 0.048). The BAC:VHAC (alcohol in vitreous humor) ratio was higher among victims of traffic crashes (p = 0.036), suggesting a short elapsed interval between the alcohol intake and the fatal accident. The results of this study indicate that ethanol is still heavily involved in non-natural deaths.

KEYWORDS:

Blood alcohol concentration; Canary islands; Forensic sciences; Tourist region; Traffic accidents; Vitreous humor alcohol concentration

PMID:
28858689
DOI:
10.1016/j.jflm.2017.08.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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