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J Pers Soc Psychol. 2018 Feb;114(2):258-269. doi: 10.1037/pspi0000109. Epub 2017 Aug 31.

Awe and humility.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Toronto.
2
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco.
3
Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine.
4
Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles.
5
Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley.

Abstract

Humility is a foundational virtue that counters selfish inclinations such as entitlement, arrogance, and narcissism (Tangney, 2000). We hypothesize that experiences of awe promote greater humility. Guided by an appraisal-tendency framework of emotion, we propose that when individuals encounter an entity that is vast and challenges their worldview, they feel awe, which leads to self-diminishment and subsequently humility. In support of these claims, awe-prone individuals were rated as more humble by friends (Study 1) and reported greater humility across a 2-week period (Study 2), controlling for other positive emotions. Inducing awe led participants to present a more balanced view of their strengths and weaknesses to others (Study 3) and acknowledge, to a greater degree, the contribution of outside forces in their own personal accomplishments (Study 4), compared with neutral and positive control conditions. Finally, an awe-inducing expansive view elicited greater reported humility than a neutral view (Study 5). We also elucidated the process by which awe leads to humility. Feelings of awe mediated the relationship between appraisals (perceptions of vastness and a challenge to one's world view) and humility (Study 4), and self-diminishment mediated the relationship between awe and humility (Study 5). Taken together, these results reveal that awe offers one path to greater humility. (PsycINFO Database Record.

PMID:
28857578
DOI:
10.1037/pspi0000109

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