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High Blood Press Cardiovasc Prev. 2017 Dec;24(4):425-435. doi: 10.1007/s40292-017-0227-y. Epub 2017 Aug 30.

Impact of Clinical Factors on the Achievement of Target Blood Pressure in Hypertensive Patients from Ivanovo Region of Russia: Data of 2015.

Author information

1
Research Institute of Cardiology, Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky, 112, Bolshaya Kazachya str., Saratov, 410012, Russia. kiselev@cardio-it.ru.
2
Research Institute of Cardiology, Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky, 112, Bolshaya Kazachya str., Saratov, 410012, Russia.
3
Ivanovo Regional Cardiology Dispensary, Ivanovo, Russia.
4
Healthcare Department of Ivanovo Region, Ivanovo, Russia.
5
Saratov Branch of the Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

In Russia, blood pressure (BP) control is below the optimal. The little is known about regional features and barriers to adequate BP control in Russian primary care.

AIM:

To evaluate the impact of clinical factors on achieving the target BP in hypertensive patients in one region of Russia.

METHODS:

Retrospective medical data of 2015 on 11,129 patients (31.4% male) with hypertension (Htn) from Ivanovo region of Russia were examined. Achievement of target BP was assessed in all patients. We study association between BP control and clinical factors.

RESULTS:

45.9% of studied patients with Htn had controlled BP. The frequency of achieving the target BP in subsets of hypertensive patients was 37.8% in patients with diabetes, 39.5% in patients with coronary artery disease, and 29.9% in patients with chronic heart failure. The main clinical factors associated with achieving the target BP in studied hypertensive patients were the advice on alcohol consumption, advice on smoking cessation, and advice on weight reduction. Therapy with main antihypertensive drugs (in particular, beta-blockers and thiazide diuretics) were also factors of optimal BP control in these patients. Comorbidities (chronic heart failure and cardiovascular diseases requiring the prescription of aspirin and statins) and family history of coronary artery disease were associated with inadequate BP control. A negative effect of some antihypertensive drugs (potassium sparing diuretics, ARBs, ACE-Is, and dihydropyridine CCBs) on BP control that was found out in our study requires further investigation. Other studied factors had no influence on BP control in patients with Htn from Ivanovo region.

CONCLUSION:

We identified regional factors of BP control in hypertensive patients from Ivanovo region of Russia. It is shown that individual medical education (in particular, medical advices) is the most important factor of optimal BP control. The intervention with antihypertensive therapy (beta-blockers and thiazide diuretics) facilitates the achievement of target BP. Comorbidity and age reduce the frequency of achieving the target BP.

KEYWORDS:

Clinical factors; Hypertension; Registry; Target blood pressure

PMID:
28856581
DOI:
10.1007/s40292-017-0227-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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