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Saudi J Biol Sci. 2017 Sep;24(6):1255-1261. doi: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2016.08.007. Epub 2016 Aug 30.

Antimicrobial effect of different types of honey on Staphylococcus aureus.

Author information

1
Biology Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia.
2
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt.
3
Department of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.
4
Adjunct to Biochemistry Department, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
5
Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia.
6
Department of Hematology, Yousef Abdullatif Jameel Chair of Prophetic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia.
7
Special Infectious Agents Unit, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia.
8
Department of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

Honey exhibits antimicrobial activities against a wide range of bacteria in different milieu. This study aims to compare the effects of five types of honey (both imported and local Saudi honey) against Staphylococcus aureus. The five types of honey (Manuka Honey UMF +20, Manuka Honey UMF +16, Active +10 Manuka Honey, Sidr honey and Nigella sativa honey) were evaluated for their bactericidal/bacteriostatic activities against both methicillin resistant and sensitive S. aureus. The inhibitory effect of honey on bacterial growth was evident at concentrations of 20% and 10% (v/v). Manuka Honey showed the best results. Manuka Honey UMF +20 had a bactericidal effect on both methicillin resistant and sensitive S. aureus. However, Sidr and N. sativa honey exerted only a bacteriostatic effect. The efficacy of different types of honey against S. aureus was dependent on the type of honey and the concentration at which it was administered. Manuka Honey had the best bactericidal activity. Future experiments should be conducted to evaluate the effects of honey on bacterial resistance.

KEYWORDS:

Manuka Honey; Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA); Nigella sativa honey; Saudi Arabia; Sidr honey

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