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Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2017 Aug 30:1-13. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2017.1369391. [Epub ahead of print]

Coffee consumption and disease correlations.

Author information

1
a Gazi University , Faculty of Health Sciences, Nutrition and Dietetics Department , Ankara , Turkey.
2
b Biruni University , Faculty of Health Sciences, Nutrition and Dietetics Department , İstanbul , Turkey.

Abstract

Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world. It has primarily consumed due to its stimulant effect and unique taste since the ancient times. Afterwards, its consumption has been historically associated with a lower risk of some diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, cardiovascular disease and some type of cancer and thus it has also consumed due to health benefits. It contains many bioactive compounds such as caffeine, chlorogenic acids and diterpenoid alcohols which have so far been associated with many potential health benefits. For example, caffeine reduces risk of developing neurodegenerative disease and chlorogenic acids (CGA) and diterpene alcohols have many health benefits such as antioxidant and chemo-preventive. Coffee also have harmful effects. For example, diterpenoid alcohols increases serum homocysteine and cholesterol levels and thus it has adverse effects on cardiovascular system. Overall, the study that supports the health benefits of coffee is increasing. But, it is thought-provoking that the association with health benefits of coffee consumption and frequency at different levels in each study. For this reason, we aimed to examine the health effect of the coffee and how much consumption is to investigate whether it meets the claimed health benefits.

KEYWORDS:

Coffee; cafestol; caffeine; chlorogenic acid; diseases; kahweol

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