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Adv Exp Med Biol. 2017;975 Pt 2:871-886. doi: 10.1007/978-94-024-1079-2_69.

Effects of Taurine on ACE, ACE2 and HSP70 Expression of Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis in Stress-Induced Hypertensive Rats.

Author information

1
College of Animal Science and Veterinary, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, 100866, China.
2
College of Animal Science and Veterinary, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, 100866, China. Hujianmin59@163.com.

Abstract

The experiment was to elucidate protective mechanism of taurine against stress-induced hypertension. Thirty two male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups. Normal control group and stress control group were intragastrically administered saline; β-alanine stress group were fed with β-alanine (200 mg/kg/day) and taurine stress group with taurine (200 mg/kg/day). The hypertensive model was established by giving rats stress for 3 weeks.Results showed that significant expression levels of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) in the hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal were observed in β-alanine stress group and stress control group (P < 0.05), but significant mRNA expression levels of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in taurine stress group and normal control group (P < 0.05). All the groups showed no significant differences in HSP70 mRNA expression levels in hypothalamus (P > 0.05), while taurine stress group exhibited the highest HSP70 mRNA expression levels both in pituitary and in adrenal (P < 0.05). It was also found that β-alanine stress group and stress control group had significantly higher protein expression levels of ACE in hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal (P < 0.05), but significantly lower protein expression of ACE2 compared to taurine stress group and control groups (P < 0.05). The results indicated that taurine regulated the hypothalamus pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) by inhibiting ACE gene and protein expressions and promoting ACE2 and HSP70 protein expressions, thereby contributing to the prevention of stress-induced hypertension.

KEYWORDS:

Hypertension; Prevention; Rat; Stress

PMID:
28849507
DOI:
10.1007/978-94-024-1079-2_69
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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