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Adv Exp Med Biol. 2017;975 Pt 1:319-328. doi: 10.1007/978-94-024-1079-2_28.

Taurine Increases Insulin Expression in STZ-Treated Rat Islet Cells In Vitro.

Author information

1
Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Zoonosis, College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, Liaoning, 110866, People's Republic of China.
2
Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Zoonosis, College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, Liaoning, 110866, People's Republic of China. syauyjc@126.com.
3
Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Zoonosis, College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, Liaoning, 110866, People's Republic of China. Hujianmin59@163.com.

Abstract

This research aims at figure out the effects and the pathway of taurine on insulin in islet cells cultured in vitro treated by STZ. In the experiment, islet cells were isolated from pancreatic tissue by in situ perfusion with collagenase V. The pancreatic islet cells, maintained in RPMI 1640 culture medium were divided into six groups: C: control, E: supplemented with 10 mmol/L of taurine, group M, T1, T2 and T3 was treated with STZ (0.5 mmol/L), at the same time, taurine were added in group T1,T2 and T3 for 30 min, and then culture medium were collected by centrifugation and then insulin levels were detected by radioimmunoassay, the cells were then rinsed with Hanks, and 0,10, 0, 5, 10, 20 mmol/L of taurine in group C, E, M, T1, T2 and T3 were added for 24 h respectively. Total RNA was extracted, then insulin gene and its transcription regulator such as PDX-1, NeuroD1 were amplified by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. The results showed that, the release of insulin from islet cells treated by STZ could be inhibited by taurine, gene expression of insulin, PDX-1 and NeuroD1 in STZ group decreased significantly, which were up-regulated by taurine administration. In conclusion, taurine exerts a certain degree of protective and reconstructive effects on islet cells treated by STZ.

KEYWORDS:

Insulin expression; Islet cells; Rat; STZ; Taurine

PMID:
28849466
DOI:
10.1007/978-94-024-1079-2_28
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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