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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1987 May 15;255(1):147-55.

Isolation and characterization of a cDNA coding for human myeloperoxidase.


A cDNA encoding the carboxyl-terminal fragment of the human myeloperoxidase heavy chain was isolated and characterized. It was then used to determine the locations of the myeloperoxidase light and heavy chains in the polypeptide precursor. A cDNA library from poly(A)+ RNA from human leukemia HL-60 cells was constructed in pBR322 and screened by differential hybridization with enriched and depleted cDNA probes and then by hybridization with an oligonucleotide probe. A cDNA clone containing 1278 bp with an open reading frame of 474 bp and a 3' noncoding region of 804 bp was isolated. The amino acid sequence deduced from the nucleotide sequence consisted of 158 residues including a sequence of 14 amino acids known to be present in the heavy chain of the molecule. The cDNA also included a stop codon of TAG followed by a noncoding sequence that included a potential recognition site for polyadenylylation and a poly(A) tail. RNA transfer blot analysis with the cDNA probe indicated that myeloperoxidase mRNA was approximately 3.3 kb in length. In vitro translation of the mRNA selected by cDNA hybridization revealed preferential synthesis of a 74,000-Da polypeptide precursor that could be precipitated with anti-myeloperoxidase IgG. Antibodies specific for the heavy and light chains of myeloperoxidase were isolated from antiserum by affinity chromatography employing Sepharose columns covalently bound to the heavy or light chains. Antibodies specific for the light chain or the heavy chain readily precipitated the 74,000-Da precursor polypeptide. These results indicated that myeloperoxidase is synthesized as a single chain which undergoes processing into a light and heavy chain. Furthermore, the heavy chain of myeloperoxidase originates from the carboxyl terminus of the precursor polypeptide.

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