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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2017 Nov 15;99(4):938-946. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2017.06.2453. Epub 2017 Jun 28.

Relapse Rates With Surgery Alone in Human Papillomavirus-Related Intermediate- and High-Risk Group Oropharynx Squamous Cell Cancer: A Multi-Institutional Review.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Electronic address: routman.david@mayo.edu.
2
Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
3
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Department of Radiation Oncology, Rajavithi Hospital, Rangsit University, Pathum Thani, Thailand.
4
Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
5
Division of Anatomic Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
6
Department of Medicine-Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona.
7
Division of Anatomic Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida.
8
Department of Otolaryngology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
9
Department of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
10
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida.
11
Division of Medical Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
12
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate whether historic risk categories and indications for adjuvant therapy in the pre-human papillomavirus (HPV) and pre-transoral surgery (TOS) era were associated with clinically significant relapse rates in HPV+ oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer patients undergoing TOS.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

A multi-institutional retrospective review of intermediate- and high-risk HPV+ oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer patients not receiving adjuvant therapy after TOS was performed. Perineural invasion, lymphovascular invasion, T3-T4, or ≥N2 disease were considered to be intermediate-risk factors, and extracapsular extension or positive margins were considered to be high-risk features, according to established risk categories.

RESULTS:

Median follow-up was 42.9 months. Among all 53 patients, the 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 26.0%. The 3-year cumulative incidence was 11.8% in the 37 intermediate-risk patients and 52.4% in the 16 high-risk patients. On univariate analysis only high-risk status was significantly associated with an increased risk of relapse (hazard ratio 3.9; P=.018). The salvage rate for relapse was 77%, with 10 of 13 patients undergoing salvage therapy.

CONCLUSIONS:

Risk category was associated with clinically significant relapse rates after TOS alone in HPV+ oropharyngeal cancer, comparable to historical data and traditional indications for adjuvant therapy for all oropharyngeal cancer.

Comment in

PMID:
28847412
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijrobp.2017.06.2453
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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