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Adv Mater. 2017 Nov;29(41). doi: 10.1002/adma.201702156. Epub 2017 Aug 28.

Scalable, "Dip-and-Dry" Fabrication of a Wide-Angle Plasmonic Selective Absorber for High-Efficiency Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion.

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Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, Mudd 200, MC 4701, 500 W 120 Street, New York, NY, 10027, USA.
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, 496 Lomita Mall, Stanford, CA, 94305-4034, USA.
Department of Chemistry, Columbia University, 3000 Broadway, New York, NY, 10027, USA.


A galvanic-displacement-reaction-based, room-temperature "dip-and-dry" technique is demonstrated for fabricating selectively solar-absorbing plasmonic-nanoparticle-coated foils (PNFs). The technique, which allows for facile tuning of the PNFs' spectral reflectance to suit different radiative and thermal environments, yields PNFs which exhibit excellent, wide-angle solar absorptance (0.96 at 15°, to 0.97 at 35°, to 0.79 at 80°), and low hemispherical thermal emittance (0.10) without the aid of antireflection coatings. The thermal emittance is on par with those of notable selective solar absorbers (SSAs) in the literature, while the wide-angle solar absorptance surpasses those of previously reported SSAs with comparable optical selectivities. In addition, the PNFs show promising mechanical and thermal stabilities at temperatures of up to 200 °C. Along with the performance of the PNFs, the simplicity, inexpensiveness, and environmental friendliness of the "dip-and-dry" technique makes it an appealing alternative to current methods for fabricating selective solar absorbers.


environmentally friendly; plasmonic; selective solar absorbers; solar-thermal energy conversion; wide-angle


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