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Psychiatry Investig. 2017 Jul;14(4):427-433. doi: 10.4306/pi.2017.14.4.427. Epub 2017 Jul 11.

Psychometric Properties of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations in Korean Adults.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) is a globally recognized measure of stress coping methods. However, research into the applicability of the CISS in a Korean context is still in its infancy. The aim of this study is to assess and report the validity of the CISS in Korean adults for the first time.

METHODS:

Three hundred and two Korean adults who currently have no distressing problems requiring psychiatric treatment completed the Korean version of the CISS. Principal component analysis was used to extract factors in the process of exploratory factor analysis.

RESULTS:

The result displayed a clear pattern matrix, and a high level of internal consistency was shown by Chronbach's alpha. The items classified under task-oriented and emotion-oriented coping presented adequate factorial validity, and only three items grouped under avoidance-oriented coping loaded poorly or loaded onto factors differing from the original.

CONCLUSION:

These results seem to indicate that the CISS may indeed be both applicable and useful in gauging the coping styles of Korean adults. However, the ambiguous meanings of certain items under avoidance-oriented coping would require adjustment for the purposes of future study.

KEYWORDS:

CISS; Coping; Factor analysis; Psychometrics; Validation

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