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Psychiatry Res. 2017 Dec;258:250-254. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.08.041. Epub 2017 Aug 19.

Physical activity is associated with the physical, psychological, social and environmental quality of life in people with mental health problems in a low resource setting.

Author information

1
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; University Psychiatric Centre, KU Leuven, University of Leuven, Leuven-Kortenberg, Belgium. Electronic address: davy.vancampfort@kuleuven.be.
2
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
3
NICM, School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Australia; Division of Psychology and Mental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
4
Physiotherapy Department, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IoPPN), King's College London, London, UK.
5
Butabika National Referral and Mental Health Hospital, Kampala, Uganda.
6
Butabika National Referral and Mental Health Hospital, Kampala, Uganda; Kyambogo University, Kampala, Uganda.

Abstract

There is a growing recognition of the importance of encouraging patients with mental health problems to become more active as an efficacious strategy to reduce the disability-associated burden. The aim of the current study was to investigate if there are differences in quality of life (QoL) outcomes between people with mental health problems that do and do not meet the recommendations of 150min per week of physical activity. 109 (36♀) Ugandan in- and outpatients (mean age = 34.2 ± 10.2 years) (depression = 7, bipolar disorder = 31, schizophrenia = 21, alcohol use disorder = 50) completed the Physical Activity Vital Sign (PAVS) method and World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment brief version. Those who did not achieve the minimum physical activity recommendations as assessed by the PAVS (n = 63) had a lower physical, psychological, social and environmental QoL. The current data offer further evidence that the PAVS method might be an important risk identification tool in people with mental health problems. The feasibility and acceptability of the PAVS may help promote the importance of physical activity assessment and prescription as a core part of the treatment of mental health problems in LMICs.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol; Bipolar disorder; Depression; Exercise; Physical activity; Psychosis; Quality of life

PMID:
28844560
DOI:
10.1016/j.psychres.2017.08.041
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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