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Sex Reprod Healthc. 2017 Oct;13:103-109. doi: 10.1016/j.srhc.2017.08.002. Epub 2017 Aug 7.

High incidence of body image dissatisfaction in pregnancy and the postnatal period: Associations with depression, anxiety, body mass index and weight gain during pregnancy.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.
2
Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; IMPACT Research Center, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia; Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, State University of Londrina, Londrina, Brazil. Electronic address: http://scholar.google.co.th/citations?user=1wzMZ7UAAAAJ&hl=th&oi=ao.

Abstract

This study aimed to delineate the prevalence of body image dissatisfaction in pregnant women and parturients in relation to depression and anxiety symptoms. We assessed 126 pregnant women during the third trimester and 2-3days and 4-6weeks after delivery using the Body Image Scale (BIS). Many pregnant participants (34.1%) showed body image dissatisfaction (BIS score ≤3) which was associated with current antenatal depression, severity of depression, a lifetime history of mood disorders, trait anxiety, body mass index (BMI) and weight gain during pregnancy. The BIS score improved after delivery but was still associated with depression, lifetime history of mood disorders, age, BMI and weight gain during pregnancy. These findings suggest that about a third of pregnant women have a body image disturbance which is strongly associated with current and a life history of clinical depression and anxiety symptoms. Medical personnel should be alert to detect body image dissatisfaction in pregnant women because it may indicate an underlying mood disorder.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Body image; Depression; Postpartum; Prenatal

PMID:
28844350
DOI:
10.1016/j.srhc.2017.08.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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