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J Neurochem. 1987 Jul;49(1):50-7.

Calcium-dependent and -independent release of glutamate from synaptosomes monitored by continuous fluorometry.


An enzyme-linked fluorometric assay is described for the continuous monitoring of the unidirectional efflux of glutamate from guinea-pig synaptosomes. Glutamate efflux from freshly suspended, polarized synaptosomes occurs at 0.35-0.39 nmol min-1 mg of protein-1 and is not significantly affected by external Ca2+. KCl depolarization (30 mMKCl) in the absence of Ca2+ doubles this rate, whereas in the presence of Ca2+, the initial kinetics of the assay are consistent with the release in the first 5 s of 0.6 nmol mg of protein-1. The final extent of Ca2+-dependent release amounts to 1.9 nmol mg of protein-1, or 8.5% of the total intrasynaptosomal glutamate content. Preincubation of synaptosomes at 30 degrees C for 2 h before depolarization leads to a decrease in Ca2+-independent release and an increase in Ca2+-dependent release, consistent with an intrasynaptosomal relocation of the amino acid.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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