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PLoS One. 2017 Aug 25;12(8):e0180609. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180609. eCollection 2017.

Clinical characteristics of patients with tinnitus evaluated with the Tinnitus Sample Case History Questionnaire in Japan: A case series.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
2
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Machida Municipal Hospital, Machida-shi, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The Tinnitus Sample Case History Questionnaire was determined as a standardized questionnaire for obtaining patient case histories and for characterizing patients into subgroups at the Tinnitus Research Initiative in 2006. In this study, we developed a Japanese version of this questionnaire for evaluating the clinical characteristics of patients with tinnitus. The Japanese version of the questionnaire will be available for evaluating treatments for tinnitus and for comparing data on tinnitus in research centers.

AIMS/OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with tinnitus in Japan using a newly developed Japanese version of Tinnitus Sample Case History Questionnaire.

STUDY DESIGN:

This was a prospective study based on patient records.

SETTING:

University hospitals, general hospitals, and clinics.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

We collected patient data using a Japanese translated version of the Tinnitus Sample Case History Questionnaire. In total, 584 patients who visited our institutions in Japan between August 2012 and March 2014 were included (280 males and 304 females; age 13-92 years; mean age, 60.8). We examined patients after dividing them into two groups according to the presence or absence of hyperacusis. The collected results were compared with those from the Tinnitus Research Initiative database.

RESULTS:

Compared with the TRI database, there were significantly more elderly female patients and fewer patients with trauma-associated tinnitus. There was a statistically lower ratio of patients with hyperacusis. We found that patients with tinnitus in addition to hyperacusis had greater tinnitus severity and exhibited higher rates of various complications.

CONCLUSION:

The Japanese version of the Tinnitus Sample Case History Questionnaire developed in this study can be a useful tool for evaluating patients with tinnitus in Japan. The results of this multicenter study reflect the characteristics of patients with tinnitus who require medical care in Japan. Our data provides a preliminary basis for an international comparison of tinnitus epidemiology.

PMID:
28841656
PMCID:
PMC5571926
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0180609
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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