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Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017 Sep;140(3):393e-404e. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000003646.

Facial Assessment and Injection Guide for Botulinum Toxin and Injectable Hyaluronic Acid Fillers: Focus on the Lower Face.

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São Paulo, Brazil; Singapore; South Yarra, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; and Birmingham, Ala. From the Clinica Dr. Maurício de Maio; the Woffles Wu Aesthetic Surgery and Laser Centre; the Dermatology Institute of Victoria; and the Total Skin and Beauty Dermatology Center.


This third article of a three-part series addresses techniques and recommendations for aesthetic treatment of the lower face. The lower face is considered an advanced area for facial aesthetic treatment. In this region, soft-tissue fillers play a more important role than neuromodulators and should be used first to provide structure and support before neuromodulators are considered for treatment of dynamic lines. Treatment of the lip, perioral region, and chin, in addition to maintaining balance of the lower face with the face overall, is challenging. Procedures on the lip should avoid overcorrection while respecting the projection of the lips on the profile view and the ratio of lip size to chin. The chin is often neglected, but reshaping the jawline can provide dramatic improvement in facial aesthetics. Both profile and anterior views are critical in assessment and treatment of the lower face. Finally, rejuvenation of the neck region requires fillers for structural support of the chin and jawline and neuromodulators for treatment of the masseter and platysma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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