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Cancer Sci. 2017 Nov;108(11):2156-2165. doi: 10.1111/cas.13382. Epub 2017 Sep 18.

c-Jun N-terminal kinase in pancreatic tumor stroma augments tumor development in mice.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan.
2
Division of Translational Research, Advanced Medical Research Center, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan.
3
Institute for Adult Diseases, Asahi Life Foundation, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a life-threatening disease and there is an urgent need to develop improved therapeutic approaches. The role of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) in PDAC stroma is not well defined even though dense desmoplastic reactions are characteristic of PDAC histology. We aimed to explore the role of JNK in PDAC stroma in mice. We crossed Ptf1aCre/+ ;KrasG12D/+ mice with JNK1-/- mice to generate Ptf1aCre/+ ;KrasG12D/+ ;JNK1-/- (Kras;JNK1-/- ) mice. Tumor weight was significantly lower in Kras;JNK1-/- mice than in Kras;JNK1+/- mice, whereas histopathological features were similar. We also transplanted a murine PDAC cell line (mPC) with intact JNK1 s.c. into WT and JNK1-/- mice. Tumor diameters were significantly smaller in JNK1-/- mice. Phosphorylated JNK (p-JNK) was activated in α-smooth muscle actin (SMA)-positive cells in tumor stroma, and mPC-conditioned medium activated p-JNK in tumor-associated fibroblasts (TAF) in vitro. Relative expression of Ccl20 was downregulated in stimulated TAF. Ccl20 is an important chemokine that promotes CD8+ T-cell infiltration by recruitment of dendritic cells, and the number of CD8+ T cells was decreased in Kras;JNK1+/- mice compared with Kras;JNK1-/- mice. These results suggest that the cancer secretome decreases Ccl20 secretion from TAF by activation of JNK, and downregulation of Ccl20 secretion might be correlated with reduction of infiltrating CD8+ T cells. Therefore, we concluded that inhibition of activated JNK in pancreatic tumor stroma could be a potential therapeutic target to increase Ccl20 secretion from TAF and induce accumulation of CD8+ T cells, which would be expected to enhance antitumor immunity.

KEYWORDS:

JNK ; Ccl20; Kras; molecular targeted therapy; pancreatic cancer

PMID:
28837246
PMCID:
PMC5666025
DOI:
10.1111/cas.13382
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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