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Lipids Health Dis. 2017 Aug 24;16(1):163. doi: 10.1186/s12944-017-0553-z.

Antioxidant capacity and fatty acids characterization of heat treated cow and buffalo milk.

Author information

1
Department of Dairy Technology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
2
Department of Dairy Technology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. muhammad.nadeem@uvas.edu.pk.
3
Institute of Home and Food Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
4
Army College of Veterinary Sciences, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.
5
Department of Animal Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Antioxidant capacity of milk is largely due to vitamins A, E, carotenoids, zinc, selenium, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and enzyme systems. Cow milk has antioxidant capacity while the antioxidant capacity of buffalo milk has been studied in a limited way. The information regarding the effect of pasteurization and boiling on antioxidant capacity of cow and buffalo milk is also scared.

METHODS:

Cow and buffalo milk was exposed to two different heat treatments i.e. 65 °C for 30 min and boiling for 1 min. After heat treatments, milk samples were cooled down to 4 °C packaged in transparent 250 ml polyethylene PET bottles and stored at 4 °C for 6 days. Milk composition, total flavonoid content, total antioxidant capacity, reducing power, DPPH free radical scavenging activity, antioxidant activity in linoleic acid, vitamin C, A, E, selenium, Zinc, fatty acid profile, peroxide value and sensory characteristics were studied in raw, pasteurized and boiled cow and buffalo milk at 0, 3 and 6 days of storage period.

RESULTS:

Total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of raw, pasteurized and boiled milk for cow (42.1, 41.3 and 40.7%) and buffalo (58.4, 57.6 and 56.5%) samples was found, respectively. Reducing power (RP) of raw cow and buffalo milk was 6.74 and 13.7 while pasteurization and boiling did not showed significant effect on RP of both cow and buffalo milk. DPPH activity of raw, pasteurized and boiled milk for cow (24.3, 23.8 and 23.6%) and buffalo (31.8, 31.5 and 30.4%) samples was noted, respectively. Storage period up to 3 days was non-significant while DPPH assay after 6 days of storage period indicated significant decline in antioxidant activity of milk samples. Antioxidant activity in linoleic acid (AALA) of buffalo and cow milk were recorded 11.7 and 17.4%, respectively. Pasteurization and boiling did not showed any impact on antioxidant capacity of cow and buffalo milk. The Loss of vitamin C in pasteurization (40 and 42%) and boiling (82 and 61%) of cow and buffalo milk was recorded, respectively. Concentration of vitamin A and E in pasteurized cow and buffalo milk was not significantly different from raw milk samples of cow and buffalo. Concentration of selenium and zinc was not influenced by the heat treatment in both cow and buffalo milk samples. After 3 days of refrigerated storage, antioxidant capacity of both cow and buffalo milk decreased. Concentrations of short-chain and medium-chain fatty acids increased in pasteurized and boiled cow and buffalo milk, while long-chain fatty acids decreased in pasteurized and boiled cow and buffalo milk, with no effect on colour and flavor score. Peroxide value of pasteurized and boiled cow and buffalo milk was not influenced by the storage up to 3 days.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that buffalo milk had a higher antioxidant capacity than cow milk and pasteurized milk should be consumed within 3 days of refrigerated storage for better antioxidant perspectives.

KEYWORDS:

Antioxidant capacity; Boiling; Buffalo milk; Cow milk; Heat treatment; Pasteurization

PMID:
28836975
PMCID:
PMC5571557
DOI:
10.1186/s12944-017-0553-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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