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Int J Endocrinol Metab. 2016 Nov 27;15(1):e39662. doi: 10.5812/ijem.39662. eCollection 2017 Jan.

Associated Factors of Bone Mineral Density and Osteoporosis in Elderly Males.

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Mobility Impairment Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
Department of Social Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
Department of Internal Medicine, Clinical Research Development Unit, Rouhani Hospital, Mobility Impairment Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.



Low bone mineral density and osteoporosis is prevalent in elderly subjects. This study aimed to determine the associated factors of bone mineral density and osteoporosis in elderly males.


All participants of the Amirkola health and ageing project cohort aged 60 years and older entered the study. Bone mineral density at femoral neck and lumbar spine was assessed by the dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) method. Osteoporosis was diagnosed by the international society for clinical densitometry criteria and the association of bone mineral density and osteoporosis with several clinical, demographic and biochemical parameters. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine independent associations.


A total of 553 patients were studied and 90 patients (16.2%) had osteoporosis at either femoral neck or lumbar spine. Diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, overweight, and quadriceps muscle strength > 30 kg, metabolic syndrome, abdominal obesity and education level were associated with higher bone mineral density and lower prevalence of osteoporosis, whereas age, anemia, inhaled corticosteroids and fracture history were associated with lower bone mineral density and higher prevalence of osteoporosis (P = 0.001). After adjustment for all covariates, osteoporosis was negatively associated only with diabetes, obesity, overweight, and QMS > 30 kg and positively associated with anemia and fracture history. The association of osteoporosis with other parameters did not reach a statistical level.


The findings of the study indicate that in elderly males, diabetes, obesity and higher muscle strength was associated with lower prevalence of osteoporosis and anemia, and prior fracture with higher risk of osteoporosis. This issue needs further longitudinal studies.


Anemia; Diabetes; Elderly Males; Obesity; Osteoporosis

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