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J Nutr. 2017 Oct;147(10):1892-1899. doi: 10.3945/jn.117.253427. Epub 2017 Aug 23.

Dietary Methionine Restriction Alleviates Hyperglycemia in Pigs with Intrauterine Growth Restriction by Enhancing Hepatic Protein Kinase B Signaling and Glycogen Synthesis.

Author information

1
College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, People's Republic of China.
2
College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, People's Republic of China tianwangnjau@163.com.

Abstract

Background: Individuals with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are prone to developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Dietary methionine restriction (MR) improves insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis in individuals with normal birth weight (NBW).Objective: This study investigated the effects of MR on plasma glucose concentration and hepatic and muscle glucose metabolism in pigs with IUGR.Methods: Thirty female NBW and 60 same-sex spontaneous IUGR piglets (Landrace × Yorkshire) were selected. After weaning (day 21), the piglets were fed diets with adequate methionine (NBW-CON and IUGR-CON) or 30% less methionine (IUGR-MR) (n = 6). At day 180, 1 pig with a body weight near the mean of each replication was selected for biochemical analysis.Results: The IUGR-CON group showed 41.6%, 68.6%, and 67.1% higher plasma glucose concentration, hepatic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase activity, and glucose-6-phosphatase activity, respectively, than the NBW-CON group (P < 0.05). Muscle glycogen content and glycogen synthase activity were 36.9% and 38.8% lower, respectively, in the IUGR-CON than the NBW-CON group (P < 0.05), respectively, and there was decreased hepatic and muscle protein kinase B phosphorylation in the IUGR-CON group (P < 0.05). Compared with the IUGR-CON pigs, the IUGR-MR pigs had 28.7% lower plasma glucose concentrations (P < 0.05), which were similar to those of the NBW-CON pigs (P ≥ 0.05). The hepatic glycogen content and glycogen synthase activity of the IUGR-MR pigs were 62.9% and 50.8% higher than those of the IUGR-CON pigs (P < 0.05) and 53.5% and 84.3% higher than the NBW-CON pigs (P < 0.05), respectively. The IUGR-MR pigs' hepatic and muscle protein kinase B phosphorylation was higher than that of the IUGR-CON pigs (P < 0.05) and similar to that of the NBW-CON pigs (P ≥ 0.05).Conclusion: MR attenuates hyperglycemia in IUGR pigs by enhancing hepatic protein kinase B signaling and glycogen synthesis, implying a potential nutritional strategy to prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus in IUGR offspring.

KEYWORDS:

gluconeogenesis; glycogen synthesis; insulin sensitivity; intrauterine growth restriction; metabolic syndrome; methionine restriction; postnatal growth

PMID:
28835389
DOI:
10.3945/jn.117.253427
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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