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ChemSusChem. 2017 Sep 22;10(18):3671-3678. doi: 10.1002/cssc.201701283. Epub 2017 Sep 12.

A New Energy-Saving Catalytic System: Carbon Dioxide Activation by a Metal/Carbon Catalyst.

Author information

1
World Class University (WCU) Program of Chemical Convergence for Energy and Environment, Institute of Chemical Processes, School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151-741, Republic of Korea.
2
Department Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon, 305-701, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

The conversion of CO2 into useful chemicals is an attractive method to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to produce sustainable chemicals. However, the thermodynamic stability of CO2 means that a lot of energy is required for its conversion into chemicals. Here, we suggest a new catalytic system with an alternative heating system that allows minimal energy consumption during CO2 conversion. In this system, electrical energy is transferred as heat energy to the carbon-supported metal catalyst. Fast ramping rates allow high operating temperatures (Tapp =250 °C) to be reached within 5 min, which leads to an 80-fold decrease of energy consumption in methane reforming using CO2 (DRM). In addition, the consumed energy normalized by time during the DRM reaction in this current-assisted catalysis is sixfold lower (11.0 kJ min-1 ) than that in conventional heating systems (68.4 kJ min-1 ).

KEYWORDS:

carbon; carbon dioxide conversion; heterogeneous catalysis; industrial chemistry; ruthenium

PMID:
28834353
DOI:
10.1002/cssc.201701283
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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