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Zoonoses Public Health. 2018 May;65(3):304-311. doi: 10.1111/zph.12389. Epub 2017 Aug 21.

Pet-associated Campylobacteriosis: A persisting public health concern.

Author information

1
Pennsylvania Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology, Harrisburg, PA, USA.
2
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response, Office of Science and Public Health Practice, Atlanta, GA, USA.
3
Pennsylvania Department of Health, Bureau of Community Health Systems, Jackson Center, PA, USA.
4
Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Health and Diagnostic Services, Harrisburg, PA, USA.

Abstract

Campylobacter is regarded as a leading cause of human bacterial gastroenteritis in the United States. We report on a case of laboratory-confirmed Campylobacter jejuni infection in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania among members of a household living with a laboratory-confirmed but non-speciated Campylobacter-infected puppy. We describe an outbreak of likely dog-associated campylobacteriosis, the risk factors, potential routes of exposure and the clinical features in the exposed family members, which began shortly after exposure to the recently purchased dog. We also provide public health recommendations to prevent Campylobacter infections in veterinary care providers, pet owners and those planning to adopt pets in the future. Finally, this report underscores the importance of the One Health approach when public health responders, human and animal healthcare providers and clinical diagnostic laboratories are tasked with developing effective strategies when investigating, detecting and responding to zoonoses (diseases shared between animals and humans).

KEYWORDS:

Campylobacter ; Campylobacter jejuni ; Campylobacter upsaliensis ; Pennsylvania; campylobacteriosis; diarrhoea; dogs; epidemiology; gastrointestinal illness; pets; puppies; veterinary public health; zoonoses

PMID:
28834267
DOI:
10.1111/zph.12389
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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