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Vet Dermatol. 2018 Feb;29(1):25-e12. doi: 10.1111/vde.12480. Epub 2017 Aug 18.

Investigation of subclinical bacteriuria in cats with dermatological disease receiving long-term glucocorticoids and/or ciclosporin.

Author information

1
Dermatology for Animals, 86 West Juniper Lane, Gilbert, AZ, 85233, USA.
2
Dermatology for Animals, 2933 North Campbell Ave, Tucson, AZ, 85719, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Dogs receiving long-term glucocorticoids or ciclosporin have an increased frequency of bacteriuria. No studies have investigated the frequency of bacteriuria in cats receiving long-term glucocorticoids and/or ciclosporin.

HYPOTHESES/OBJECTIVES:

To document whether subclinical bacteriuria occurs in cats receiving long-term glucocorticoid and/or ciclosporin for management of chronic disease.

ANIMALS:

Thirty two cats treated with parenteral glucocorticoids and/or oral glucocorticoids and/or ciclosporin were included.

METHODS:

Thirty two cats receiving oral glucocorticoids and/or ciclosporin for at least three months or at least two injections of long-acting glucocorticoids within the preceding six months were evaluated. Thirty four healthy cats were used as a control group. Urinalysis and urine culture was performed on urine samples collected by cystocentesis from each cat.

RESULTS:

In the glucocorticoid/ciclosporin group, none of 32 cats had a positive urine culture. In the control group, one of 34 cats had a positive urine culture. There were no statistically significant differences between the urinalyses from either group.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE:

There was no evidence to suggest that administration of long-term glucocorticoids and/or ciclosporin is associated with bacteriuria in cats.

PMID:
28833821
DOI:
10.1111/vde.12480
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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