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Drug Alcohol Rev. 2018 Mar;37(3):365-374. doi: 10.1111/dar.12591. Epub 2017 Aug 21.

Examination of associations between early life victimisation and alcohol's harm from others.

Author information

1
Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute, Emeryville, USA.
2
School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, USA.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:

Study aims were to examine: (i) how physical and sexual victimisation in early life are associated with alcohol's harm from others; and (ii) whether respondents' current drinking is a mediator of the association between early life victimisation and alcohol's harm from others among men and women.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

Data were from national computer-assisted telephone interviews, using the landline sample (3335 men and 3520 women ages ≥18) from the 2010 US National Alcohol Survey. Harms from someone else's drinking included family/marital problems, financial troubles, assault and vandalism in the past 12 months. Victimisation was measured with severe physical abuse or sexual assault before age 18.

RESULTS:

Severe physical or sexual victimisation before age 18 was reported by 3.4% of men and 8.1% of women. Significantly more men (5.2%) than women (2.4%) reported assault by other drinkers, and significantly more women reported family/marital (5.3%) and financial problems (2.8%) than did men (2.6 and 1% respectively). Severe early life victimisation was robustly associated with a greater likelihood of experiencing past-year harms from other drinkers for both men and women. Men's drinking partially mediated associations between early life victimisation and recent assaults and vandalism by other drinkers.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS:

Early life victimisation may increase risk of harms from someone else's drinking. Health services and interventions that screen for histories of victimisation may help decrease risk of later harms from others' drinking. Reductions in drinking among men with histories of victimisation also could help reduce their exposure to such harms. [Kaplan LM, Greenfield TK, Karriker-Jaffe KJ. Examination of associations between early life victimisation and alcohol's harm from others.

KEYWORDS:

alcohol; harm; victimisation; violence

PMID:
28833744
PMCID:
PMC5821605
DOI:
10.1111/dar.12591
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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