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Sensors (Basel). 2017 Aug 23;17(9). pii: E1941. doi: 10.3390/s17091941.

A FPGA-Based, Granularity-Variable Neuromorphic Processor and Its Application in a MIMO Real-Time Control System.

Author information

1
Department of Precision Instrument, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. zhangz14@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn.
2
Department of Precision Instrument, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. macheng@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.
3
Department of Precision Instrument, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. zr_gloria@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.

Abstract

Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), including Deep Neural Networks (DNNs), have become the state-of-the-art methods in machine learning and achieved amazing success in speech recognition, visual object recognition, and many other domains. There are several hardware platforms for developing accelerated implementation of ANN models. Since Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) architectures are flexible and can provide high performance per watt of power consumption, they have drawn a number of applications from scientists. In this paper, we propose a FPGA-based, granularity-variable neuromorphic processor (FBGVNP). The traits of FBGVNP can be summarized as granularity variability, scalability, integrated computing, and addressing ability: first, the number of neurons is variable rather than constant in one core; second, the multi-core network scale can be extended in various forms; third, the neuron addressing and computing processes are executed simultaneously. These make the processor more flexible and better suited for different applications. Moreover, a neural network-based controller is mapped to FBGVNP and applied in a multi-input, multi-output, (MIMO) real-time, temperature-sensing and control system. Experiments validate the effectiveness of the neuromorphic processor. The FBGVNP provides a new scheme for building ANNs, which is flexible, highly energy-efficient, and can be applied in many areas.

KEYWORDS:

FPGA; MIMO control; artificial neural networks; granularity variable; neuromorphic processor

PMID:
28832522
PMCID:
PMC5620544
DOI:
10.3390/s17091941
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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