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Pharmacol Ther. 2018 Feb;182:15-27. doi: 10.1016/j.pharmthera.2017.08.002. Epub 2017 Aug 19.

Binge-eating disorder: Clinical and therapeutic advances.

Author information

1
Department of Neurobiology, CNS Discovery, Teva Pharmaceuticals, West Chester, PA, USA. Electronic address: peter.hutson@tevapharm.com.
2
Peter Boris Centre for Addiction Research, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA; Department of Neuroscience, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA; National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, USA; Connecticut Mental Health Center, New Haven, CT, USA.

Abstract

Binge-eating disorder (BED) is the most prevalent eating disorder with estimates of 2-5% of the general adult population. Nonetheless, its pathophysiology is poorly understood. Furthermore, there exist few therapeutic options for its effective treatment. Here we review the current state of binge-eating neurobiology and pharmacology, drawing from clinical therapeutic, neuroimaging, cognitive, human genetic and animal model studies. These studies, which are still in their infancy, indicate that while there are many gaps in our knowledge, several key neural substrates appear to underpin binge-eating and may be conserved between human and animals. This observation suggests that behavioral intermediate phenotypes or endophenotypes relevant to BED may be modeled in animals, facilitating the identification and testing of novel pharmacological targets. The development of novel, safe and effective pharmacological therapies for the treatment of BED will enhance the ability of clinicians to provide optimal care for people with BED.

KEYWORDS:

Binge-eating disorder; Compulsivity; Impulsivity; Neurobiology; Pharmacotherapy; Reward

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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