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PLoS One. 2017 Aug 22;12(8):e0183395. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0183395. eCollection 2017.

Effect of vitamin E supplementation on uterine cervical neoplasm: A meta-analysis of case-control studies.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.


Several epidemiological studies have suggested that vitamin E could reduce the risk of uterine cervical neoplasm. However, controversial data were presented by different reports. Hence, we conducted a meta-analysis to assess the relationship between vitamin E and the risk of cervical neoplasia. We performed a comprehensive search of the PubMed, Embase and Cochrane databases through December 31, 2016. Based on a fixed-effects or random-effects model, the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the combined risk. Subgroup analyses and meta-regression were done to assess the source of heterogeneity. Subgroup analyses were performed according to survey ways, types of cervical neoplasia, study populations. A protocol was registered with PROSPERO (No. CRD42016036672). In total, 15 case-control studies were included, involving 3741 cases and 6328 controls. Our study suggested that higher category of vitamin E could reduce the cervical neoplasia risk (OR = 0.58, 95% CIs = 0.47-0.72, I2 = 83%). In subgroup-analysis, both vitamin E intake and blood levels of vitamin E had a significant inverse association with the risk of cervical neoplasm. Additionally, we found the same relationship between vitamin E and cervical neoplasia among different populations and types of cervical neoplasia. Meta-regression showed that none of the including covariates were significantly related to the outcomes. No evidence of publication bias was observed. In conclusion, vitamin E intake and blood vitamin E levels were inversely associated with the risk of cervical neoplasia.

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