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Elife. 2017 Aug 22;6. pii: e26898. doi: 10.7554/eLife.26898.

Dual control of pcdh8l/PCNS expression and function in Xenopus laevis neural crest cells by adam13/33 via the transcription factors tfap2α and arid3a.

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Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, United States.
David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, United States.
Molecular and Cellular Biology graduate program, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, United States.


Adam13/33 is a cell surface metalloprotease critical for cranial neural crest (CNC) cell migration. It can cleave multiple substrates including itself, fibronectin, ephrinB, cadherin-11, pcdh8 and pcdh8l (this work). Cleavage of cadherin-11 produces an extracellular fragment that promotes CNC migration. In addition, the adam13 cytoplasmic domain is cleaved by gamma secretase, translocates into the nucleus and regulates multiple genes. Here, we show that adam13 interacts with the arid3a/dril1/Bright transcription factor. This interaction promotes a proteolytic cleavage of arid3a and its translocation to the nucleus where it regulates another transcription factor: tfap2α. Tfap2α in turn activates multiple genes including the protocadherin pcdh8l (PCNS). The proteolytic activity of adam13 is critical for the release of arid3a from the plasma membrane while the cytoplasmic domain appears critical for the cleavage of arid3a. In addition to this transcriptional control of pcdh8l, adam13 cleaves pcdh8l generating an extracellular fragment that also regulates cell migration.


ADAM; cell migration; developmental biology; embryo; metalloprotease; neural crest; protocadherin; stem cells; xenopus

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