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Clin Rheumatol. 2017 Dec;36(12):2853-2854. doi: 10.1007/s10067-017-3797-0. Epub 2017 Aug 22.

Anti-müllerian hormone and ovarian reserve in systemic lupus erythematosus.

Author information

1
Rheumatology and Metabolic Bone Diseases Department, Hospital de Santa Maria, CHLN, Lisbon, Portugal. nadia_filipaem@hotmail.com.
2
Rheumatology and Metabolic Bone Diseases Department, Hospital de Santa Maria, CHLN, Lisbon, Portugal.

Abstract

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disease that affects predominantly females during childbearing age (Lateef and Petri Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 27(3):435-447, 2013). Fertility in SLE patients is considered to be normal (Clowse et al. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 64(5):668-674, 2012; Ekblom-Kullberg et al. Scand J Rheumatol 38:375-380, 2009) but several known factors may negatively influence fertility. Immune mechanisms are also thought to be an important cause of premature ovarian senescence, characterized by reduced ovarian reserve markers such as anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) (Oktem et al. Obstet Gynecol Surv 70(3):196-210, 2015; Bermas and Sammaritano Fertil Res Pract 1:13, 2015; Østensen Int J Clin Rheumtol 8(1):27-37, 2013; Ulug et al. Am J Reprod Immunol 72(1):85-88, 2014; Lawrenz et al. Lupus 20(11):1193-1197, 2011). We evaluated the ovarian reserve of women in reproductive age with SLE, by measuring AMH levels and we compared it to that of non-SLE women. We also analyzed the association of SLE disease characteristics with AMH levels. AMH levels were decreased in this population of SLE women, accounting for a high proportion of women with criteria for low ovarian reserve. Age and SLE damage were associated with abnormally lower AMH levels in our SLE patients. In this way, SLE may have a negative influence on the ovarian reserve.

KEYWORDS:

Anti-müllerian hormone; Ovarian reserve; Systemic lupus erythematosus

PMID:
28828533
DOI:
10.1007/s10067-017-3797-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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