Send to

Choose Destination
EFORT Open Rev. 2017 Jul 12;2(7):317-323. doi: 10.1302/2058-5241.2.160087. eCollection 2017 Jul.

Multi-level spine endoscopy: A review of available evidence and case report.

Author information

Scott D. Middleton, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Royal Infirmary and University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
Ralf Wagner, Ligamenta Spine Centre, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
J. N. Alastair Gibson, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Royal Infirmary and University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom.


In the last ten years, there has been an exponential increase in endoscopic spinal surgery practice.With improvements in equipment quality and the availability of high definition camera systems, cervical endoscopic disc resection is now a viable alternative to anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) or disc arthroplasty for the treatment of disc prolapse and low grade stenosis.Based on the current literature, there is now strong evidence to support the use of transforaminal endoscopic approaches for the treatment of thoracic disc prolapse.There is now level I evidence to show that outcomes following transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (TED) are at least equivalent to those after open microdiscectomy, with an expected shorter operating time, lesser requirement for analgesia, reduced duration of post-operative disability, more rapid rehabilitation and lower costs of care. However, it should be recognised that there is a significant learning curve for TED.New endoscopic techniques with interlaminar approaches allow the decompression of central and lateral recess stenosis. Future developments will facilitate vision and access to the spine with 3D imaging and robotics at the forefront.We present a case report of whole spine endoscopic decompression to illustrate the potential of endoscopic surgery at all spinal levels. Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2017;2:317-323. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.2.160087.


cervical endoscopic surgery; microdiscectomy; spinal surgery; thoracic discectomy; transforaminal endoscopic discectomy

Conflict of interest statement

ICMJE Conflict of interest statement: J. N. A. Gibson and R. Wagner have received payments for travel and teaching from joimax® GmbH, Germany. The other author declares no conflict of interest.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Bone and Joint Publishing Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center