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Acta Stomatol Croat. 2017 Jun;51(2):99-105. doi: 10.15644/asc51/2/2.

Shear Bond Strength of Orthodontic Brackets Bonded to Zirconium Crowns.

Author information

1
University of Pristina, Medical Faculty - School of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics.
2
University of Zagreb, School of Dental Medicine - doctoral study.
3
University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, Department for materials.
4
University of Zagreb, School of Dental Medicine, Department of Orthodontics.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

An increasing demand for esthetic restorations has resulted in an increased use of all-ceramic restorations, such as zirconium. However, one of the challenges the orthodontist must be willing to face is how to increase bond strength between the brackets and various ceramic restorations.Bond strength can beaffected bybracket type, by the material that bracketsaremade of, and their base surface design or retention mode. ​: Aim: of this study was to perform a comparative analysis of the shear bond strength (SBS) of metallic and ceramic orthodontic brackets bonded to all-zirconium ceramic surfaces used for prosthetic restorations, and also to evaluate the fracture mode of these two types of orthodontic brackets.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Twenty samples/semi-crowns of all-zirconium ceramic, on which orthodontic brackets were bonded, 10 metallic and 10 ceramic polycrystalline brackets, were prepared for this research. SBS has been testedby Universal Testing Machine, with a load applied using a knife edged rod moving at a fixed rate of 1 mm/min, until failure occurred. The force required to debond the brackets was recorded in Newton, then SBS was calculated to MPa. In addition, the samples were analyzed using a digital camera magnifier to determine Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI). Statistical data were processed using t-test, and the level of significance was set at α = 0.05.

RESULTS:

Higher shear bond strength values were observed in metallic brackets bonded to zirconium crowns compared tothoseof ceramic brackets, with a significant difference. During the test, two of the ceramic brackets were partially or totally damaged.

CONCLUSION:

Metallic brackets, compared to ceramic polycrystalline brackets, seemed tocreate stronger adhesion with all-zirconium surfaces due to their better retention mode. Also, ceramic brackets showed higher fragility during debonding.

KEYWORDS:

Dental Debonding; Ortodontic Brackets; Shear Bond Strenght

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of Interest: There are no conflicts of interest to declare.

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