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Biochem Med Metab Biol. 1987 Feb;37(1):35-41.

Serum activities of dipeptidyl-aminopeptidase II and dipeptidyl-aminopeptidase IV in tumor-bearing animals and in cancer patients.

Abstract

Serum activities of dipeptidyl-aminopeptidases (DAP) II and IV were measured in tumor-bearing animals and in patients with blood and solid cancers using highly sensitive and specific fluorometric methods. In mice with intraperitoneal or subcutaneous implantation of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells, serum DAP II activity was increased and serum DAP IV activity was decreased, resulting in a significant increase in the ratio of serum DAP II and DAP IV activities. The increase in the ratio of these two activities paralleled the size of the subcutaneous tumors. However, both serum DAP II and DAP IV activities were increased in rats with experimental hepatic cancer induced by 3'-methyl-4-dimethylaminoazobenzene, and the increase in the ratio of the two activities was not significant. In cancer patients, as compared with healthy subjects, serum DAP II activity was increased and serum DAP IV activity was decreased, the ratio of serum DAP II and DAP IV activities being markedly increased in cancer patients. Both serum DAP II and DAP IV activities were increased in patients with hepatic cancer as were those in rats with hepatic cancer, but the increase in DAP II was greater than that of DAP IV; thus the ratio of the two activities increased significantly. These data suggest that the increase of the serum DAP II/DAP IV ratio could be a biochemical index of cancer.

PMID:
2882765
DOI:
10.1016/0885-4505(87)90007-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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