Format

Send to

Choose Destination
BMJ Open. 2017 Aug 21;7(8):e015952. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-015952.

Risks of postextraction bleeding after receiving direct oral anticoagulants or warfarin: a retrospective cohort study.

Author information

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan.
2
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rakuwakai Otowa Hospital, Kyoto, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The effect of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) on the risk of bleeding after tooth extraction remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of postextraction bleeding among patients who received DOAC and vitamin K antagonists (VKAs), such as warfarin.

DESIGN:

This study was a retrospective cohort analysis. Incidence rates and propensity score-matched regression models were used to compare the risks of bleeding after tooth extractions involving DOACs and VKAs.

SETTING:

The study took place in a single university hospital in Japan.

PARTICIPANTS:

Between April 2013 and April 2015, 543 patients underwent a total of 1196 simple tooth extractions.

PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE:

The primary outcome measure was the occurrence of postextraction bleeding, which was defined as bleeding that could not be stopped by biting down on gauze and required medical treatment between 30 min and 7 days after the extraction.

RESULTS:

A total of 1196 tooth extractions (634 procedures) in 541 patients fulfilled the study criteria, with 72 extractions (41 procedures) involving DOACs, 100 extractions (50 procedures) involving VKAs and 1024 extractions (543 procedures) involving no anticoagulants. The incidences of postextraction bleeding per tooth for the DOAC, VKA and no anticoagulant extractions were 10.4%, 12.0% and 0.9%, respectively. The incidences of postextraction bleeding per procedure for DOACs, VKAs and no anticoagulants were 9.7%, 10.0% and 1.1%, respectively. In comparison to the VKA extractions, the DOAC extractions did not significantly increase the risk of postextraction bleeding (OR 0.69, 95% CIs 0.24 to 1.97; p=0.49).

CONCLUSIONS:

The risk of postextraction bleeding was similar for DOAC and VKA extractions.

KEYWORDS:

Post-extraction bleeding; bleeding risk scores; direct oral anticoagulants; vitamin K antagonists

PMID:
28827248
PMCID:
PMC5629650
DOI:
10.1136/bmjopen-2017-015952
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center