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Dis Mon. 2018 Mar;64(3):64-91. doi: 10.1016/j.disamonth.2017.08.001. Epub 2017 Aug 20.

Foot disorders in the elderly: A mini-review.

Author information

1
Research Group, Faculty of Health, Exercise and Sport, European University of Madrid, Villaviciosa de Odón, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: davidrodriguezsanz@gmail.com.
2
Departament of Podiatry, Universidad de Sevilla, Spain. Electronic address: ntovaruela@us.es.
3
Research, Health and Podiatry Unit, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry, Universidade da Coruña, Spain. Electronic address: daniellopez@udc.es.
4
University Center of Plasencia, Universidad de Extremadura, Spain. Electronic address: patibiom@unex.es.
5
Research Group, Faculty of Health, Exercise and Sport, European University of Madrid, Villaviciosa de Odón, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: carlos.romero@universidadeuropea.es.
6
School of Medicine, Universidad Miguel Hernandez de Elche, Spain. Electronic address: manu.navarroflores@gmail.com.
7
Nursing and Physical Therapy Department, Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), Universidad de León, Ponferrada, León, Spain.. Electronic address: cecalvo19@hotmail.com.

Abstract

Ageing process is associated with changes to the aspect, biomechanics, structure and function of the foot, it may be related with a marked presence of foot conditions, pain, disability and other overall health problems that constitute a major public health concern. Also, the prevalence of epidemiologic research found an incidence of foot problems which is even higher as a consequence of increasing life expectation. Several studies have also suggested that such foot disorders currently affect between 71 and 87% of older patients and are a frequent cause of medical and foot care. Thus, these kind problems are extremely common conditions in the general population, especially in the elderly who are associated with poor quality of life, balance impairment, increase the risk of falls, dificulty on putting shoes, fractures, restrict mobility and performance of activities of daily living that turn can produce serious physical, mental and social consequences in the older people. The role of the physician in the assessment, evaluation, and examination of foot problems is very important, yet it is often an overlooked and undervalued component of geriatric health care. The purpose of this article is to review and to provide an overview of the most common foot deformities precipitating factors, clinical presentation, evidence-based diagnostic evaluation, and treatment recommendations with a view to preventing medical conditions or deformities affecting the feet that may alter foot condition and general health amongst the elderly.

KEYWORDS:

Aging; Foot; Foot deformities; Foot disease; Quality of life

PMID:
28826743
DOI:
10.1016/j.disamonth.2017.08.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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