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One Health. 2017 Jul 17;4:14-21. doi: 10.1016/j.onehlt.2017.07.001. eCollection 2017 Dec.

Checklist for One Health Epidemiological Reporting of Evidence (COHERE).

Author information

1
Department of Environmental Health and Engineering, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
2
Department of Molecular and Comparative Pathobiology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.
3
Department of Pathobiology, Clinical Microbiology Laboratory, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
4
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
5
Department of Veterinary Microbiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
6
Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
7
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, FL, USA.
8
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences and Global Health, University of Washington School of Public Health, USA.
9
Department of Family Medicine (joint), University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA.
10
Department of Medicine, Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (adjunct), University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA.

Abstract

One Health is defined as the intersection and integration of knowledge regarding humans, animals, and the environment, yet as the One Health scientific literature expands, there is considerable heterogeneity of approach and quality of reporting in One Health studies. In addition, many researchers who publish such studies do not include or integrate data from all three domains of human, animal, and environmental health. This points to a critical need to unify guidelines for One Health studies. This report details the Checklist for One Health Epidemiological Reporting of Evidence (COHERE) to guide the design and publication format of future One Health studies. COHERE was developed by a core writing team and international expert review group that represents multiple disciplines, including human medicine, veterinary medicine, public health, allied professionals, clinical laboratory science, epidemiology, the social sciences, ecohealth and environmental health. The twin aims of the COHERE standards are to 1) improve the quality of reporting of observational or interventional epidemiological studies that collect and integrate data from humans, animals and/or vectors, and their environments; and 2) promote the concept that One Health studies should integrate knowledge from these three domains. The 19 standards in the COHERE checklist address descriptions of human populations, animal populations, environmental assessment, spatial and temporal relationships of data from the three domains, integration of analyses and interpretation, and inclusion of expertise in the research team from disciplines related to human health, animal health, and environmental health.

KEYWORDS:

Environmental health; Epidemiology; Observational studies; One Health; Reporting guidelines

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