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J Clin Psychol Med Settings. 2017 Aug 20. doi: 10.1007/s10880-017-9507-x. [Epub ahead of print]

The Evolution of Psychology as a Basic Bio-behavioral Science in Healthcare Education.

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Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, and Psychology, University of Washington, 1640 Interlaken Place E, Seattle, WA, 98112, USA.


For over a century, researchers and educators have called for the integration of psychological science into medical school curricula, but such efforts have been impeded by barriers within medicine and psychology. In addressing these barriers, Psychology has re-examined its relationship to Medicine, incorporated psychological practices into health care, and redefined its parameters as a science. In response to interdisciplinary research into the mechanisms of bio-behavioral interaction, Psychology evolved from an ancillary social science to a bio-behavioral science that is fundamental to medicine and health care. However, in recent medical school curriculum innovations, psychological science is being reduced to a set of "clinical skills," and once again viewed as an ancillary social science. These developments warrant concern and consideration of new approaches to integrating psychological science in medical education.


Bio-behavioral science; Biopsychosocial model; Medical education; Psychological science

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